The Evolution of Quantum Mechanics In Explaining Quantum Time Travel

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Image courtesy of Paul Nylander, bugman123.com

The very first interpretation of Quantum Mechanics was the original Copenhagen Interpretation of Niels Bohr. Under this interpretation, once the observer collapses the wave function, that’s it – FINISHED.  If I am rolling a die and roll a “3” for example, if  I then decide that I would have rather had a 5 say…, Copenhagen does not permit this. Copenhagen therefore, cannot explain how one “manifests”, turning one condition into another. Some people have speculated that when you “jump” or “manifest” what is actually happening is that you are un-collapsing and then re-collapsing the wave function.  That may very well be, as will be seen; however that takes you OUT of the world of the Copenhagen interpretation.

The Copenhagen interpretation was theoretically proven by the famous “Cat in The Box” experiment of Erwin Schrodinger; however it also created the well known paradox of “is the cat dead or alive”. Then came the Many Worlds Interpretation of Hugh Everett to resolve this issue with the “Everett Postulate”. Because the “Schrodinger’s Cat” experiment caused a contradiction;  the Many Worlds Interpretation essentially stated that the universe would exist into two separate universes, one in which the cat was alive and one in which it was dead.

The Everett postulate implies that the entire universe (being a single isolated system) continuously exists in a superposition of multiple states. There is no point where the wave function ever collapses within the universe, because that would imply that some portion of the universe doesn’t follow the Schrodinger wave function. The problem of course with this, is that because the wave function never collapses, the observer is taken out of the equation. The idea of parallel universes sounds exciting, however, since the observer is taken out of the equation; “manifesting” is not explained either, so while MWI allows for the existence of these worlds, alas there is no way to visit them.

The traditional Many Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics also has some additional “complications”. Many people who don’t understand it completely complain that it appears to violate the first law of thermodynamics, and while in actuality it does not; nevertheless it seems to leave people confused.  Yet another group pose the “Occam’s Razor” complaint, asking why should an ENTIRE universe be created just for an itty bitty quantum state change? A valid objection.  Somehow both of these interpretations appear to be “lacking” in some way.

What was posed above, was the question, what if the observer has the ability to both collapse and un-collapse the wave function through intention?  If that is the case, then we are dealing with one universe; so where is the “multiplicity” coming from? The most logical and intuitively obvious possibility is that the timeline ITSELF branches, and only at the place where the new condition exists.  Much has been written, both in fiction and theory about the concept of “alternate timelines”.  Could it be that “jumping” is in fact either, going down one time line and up another or simply “jumping between branches”? There are several interpretations of quantum mechanics that propose just such a thing, along with some experiences people have written about that would support this.  Quantum Jumping or quantum time travel often seems be accompanied by “temporal distortions”. Time travel stories, such as that of John Titor, also support this view.

In all probability, we are not only looking at branching time, but “fractal time” as well; indicating that time is not linear but is expressed in at LEAST two dimensions. In his theory of “Existics”, Gavin Wince postulates that time might exist in more than one dimension.  There is also a paper on “Fractal Space-Time” by Antonio Alfonso-Faus, alluding to the possible “fractal nature” of time.  Indeed it would appear that “time” is not really so much “an arrow”, but may in fact be more like “a tree”. If time is a “fractal”, this would explain things like why it appears that humanity is evolving at an increasingly faster rate, or why as we get older, time appears to “pass more quickly” for us. Symmetry is a natural quality of the universe and you see it everywhere, from the circular or round nature of celestial bodies, to a fern leaf and even a strand of DNA.  Even trees have symmetry, for just as the leaves and branches go upwards, the roots go downward in a similar way; the exact details being determined only by the medium – ie soil vs air.  If you look at a picture of the entire universe and a picture of a nerve cell, in spite of the VAST difference in scale they look strikingly the same! Could it be that time “looks” like this also, with the past being the center, and the future being the branches?

Let’s see if we might be able to visualize this a little better. Both physicists studying M-Theory (formerly known as string theory) and “spiritual sources” are telling us that the universe exists in something like 12 Dimensions. Additionally, spiritual sources are telling us that there are beings that exist “outside of time” and that once you get to the 5th dimension, time ceases to exist! Based on this information, let’s see if we can “put together” a possible “model of space-time”, that is easier to understand and work with. First, let’s take everything “down one dimension”. Let’s assume time is like a giant 3 dimensional “nerve cell”, then we would be two dimensional beings moving around on it. Imagine that this “nerve cell” is in a giant room we call “space”.  There is a part of space where time would not exist, hence there could be “beings” floating around this area.  This could also be where particles “go” when they appear and “disappear”, where we go “when we die”, or temporarily go when we jump or time travel. A lot of possibilities…Taking everything back up one dimension, we would be three dimensional beings in 4 dimensional time, with space existing as well. Then there would be 5 dimensional beings that live “off the tree” or in this case ” nerve cell”.

Many spiritual sources have said “all moments in time exist simultaneously”, and this fact seems to be echoed EVERYWHERE, even by people who don’t even know each other, and yet all have had deeply “spiritual experiences”. If time is like a giant “nerve cell”, then this would certainly fit with this concept, since the “nerve cell” exists, regardless where we are on it. Once we understand that the past and the future exist independently of our ability to experience them in the “immediate”, then our horizons are opened and independently of whether it be via machine or “on foot”, we are able to time travel!

2 Comments:

  1. I like your idea of fractal time and the description of time being like a tree! The roots are the past, the branches are the future, and the trunk, I suppose, is the present (or immediate).

    I watched a TV programme a while ago where it mentioned that these fractal patterns might be a signature of the universe because it’s abundant in so many areas of science. For example, the growth pattern we seen in branches (and roots!) is also seen in nerve endings, the flow of water, random walk models, diffusivity, and so on.

    If a permeation through space can take on this fractal nature, it seems to make sense then that time might be like this too!

    At first I didn’t understand why time would pass more quickly for old people than for younger people, but thinking about it, I guess older people are further towards the ends of the branches which become increasingly thinner, so to preserve the continuity of flow, the flow rate (of time) must increase?

    From the tree model, I wonder what the significance of the trunk is. This is the widest section, so time would pass the slowest…meaning that we could do many things in this part. But we know that the present is only an instant…or is it an infinitely prolonged moment in time?

    On another note, I must admit I’m one of the people who has a problem with universes being created at arbitrary moments in time. ‘Traditionally’, these are created at key decision moments, though what constitutes a “key decision” I don’t know, and neither do I know where all the energy and matter come from.

    But…I also didn’t know that it hinged on a change in quantum state. I’ll need to look into this…! 😉

    • Some clarifications… First, it would appear that the universe always moves from a more compressed, compact state to a less compressed expanded state… The same I think is true of time…

      In my model you can consider the “center of the structure” as the “moment of creation”. This model “echoes” what we see in the universe itself. It’s more about the “length” of the branches than the width, so you can consider “the trunks”, simply as “long branches”. What I am saying here is that time appears to pass much more slowly, because there is “more of it”. ie.. the branches are longer.

      Quantum state changes happen constantly, each “quantum moment” as a matter of fact. The “length” of a “quantum moment” currently is something like 5.39 x 10 ^-44 seconds. (This is also known as Planck time and is dependent on the value of Planck’s constant) The value of this constant affects the speed of light and other constants as well. There is strong speculation (along with some experimental evidence) that this value is actually CHANGING. I’m still developing all of this of course; but one thing is absolutely clear from both quantum and scalar physics: People are capable of changing reality through thoughts and intention, most likely via the collapse of the wave function.

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